tv BBC World News America PBS March 27, 2013 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
states where gay marriage is legal. in court, several of the justices expressed concern that this was a case of federal law trampling on states' rights. >> you are at real risk of running in conflict with what has always been thought to be the essence of the state police power which is to regulate marriage, divorce, custody. >> and so it's really diminishing what the states have said is marriage. you're saying no. they said two kinds of marriages, a full marriage and then the skim milk marriage. >> that memorable phrase was directed to a lawyer at congressional republicans who stand alone in defending doma. as a recent convert to gay marriage, president obama has zoned the controversial law though his nngs will enforce it until the court strikes it
down. we heard from the 83-year-old poster child of change, edy windsor. . i am today an out lesbian it's kind of overwhelming for me. >> she married her long-term partner in 2007 but when thea died two years later she was saddled with a six figure bill for inheritance tax that would not have aplayed if married to man. on the steps of the court she thanks the judges. >> very respected and i speak for it to be good. >> so after two days of hearings, it's pretty clear the court is not just divided, as you would expect, but conflicted about how boldly and broadly to rule on this issue. the words of justice anthony kennedy, he and his colleagues are in unchartered waters and we'll know in a few weeks how far they're prepared to go. steve kingston, bbc news at the u.s. supreme court.
>> for more on the cases heard the past two days, i spoke a breathe time ago with adam, a supreme court reporter for "the new york times." adam, i know reading the tea leaves of the supreme court is a very inexact science but based on what you heard today, do you think edith windsor could win her case? >> is he has reason to be optimistic. the second day was much easier to get a fix on the first. there did seem to be a majority of the justices who were uncomfortable with the idea that the federal government and the united states should deny federal benefits to people married in the nine states where same-sex marriage is allowed. that's of course a much smaller, more moderate and much less ambitious question than the one the court considered yesterday which is whether states that don't have same-sex marriage should be required as a constitutional matter to have it. >> sticking with today's case, president clinton, who signed the defense of marriage act into law now says it should be struck down. is the court supposed to take changing public and indeed
presidential opinion into account? >> the justices would say that they don't pay attention to public opinion. but history suggests that they do. they don't like to get out too far ahead of public opinion. and of course only nine states out of 50 have same-sex marriage these days. but in the background, it has s' igure into the justice thinking. ere they were clearly agitated . is the supreme court just as political as the other branches of government? >> no, i wouldn't say that. it's a reasonable question to ask, whether the president who has his own obligation to enforce the constitution, if he thinks a law a unconstitutional, perhaps he should stop enforcing it rather than kicking the question over to another branch of government to make the decision. >> at the end of these two cases on same-sex marriage, do you expect to see sweeping changes in the nation's law or something newer? >> the more than likely outcome is it will be a significant but
limited step, at the federal level only, and leaving the matter of which states should have same-sex marriage for now to the states. >> why have the courts taken up these cases now? they have a choice, don't they, about when to do it? >> the larger cases were a surprise they should take a look at the larger question whether there should an 50-state requirement. the defense of marriage act case they kind of had to take because two lower courts had struck down the significant federal law, at which point the supreme court really needs to weigh in. >> is it all going to come down to justice kennedy and how he votes? >> that -- yes, i think in this case, as in so many cases, his is the decisive vote. >> what's your expectation on the first case in front of the court? how do you think that one is going to go? >> there justice kennedy seemed reluctant to wade into an issue where there is so much activity on the ground. we're just in november, three additional states voted to adopt same-sex marriage. there seemed to be a sense he would rather let the democratic
process work on this issue for a while longer rather than having the court withdraw the issue from political deliberation. >> so if you were forced to guess, would you say on these cases, is the court going to sit on predictable lines? >> the court may well split unpredictable lines in the doma case striking the law 5-4 with kennedy plus the liberals. the larger case will be more complicated and there may well be a majority, even a lopsided majority for ducking the issue, from kicking the issue off for another day. >> thanks very much, indeed. >> good to be here. >> now to an event which would have been unthinkable a few years ago. g san chi watched burma's parade, opposite from what she was subjected to by the army. despite the changes, the country's commander in chief said the military will continue to play a role in national
politics. jonathan head has this report. >> this is the last place you aung have expected to see san su chmbings h pimbings. the very institution that locked her and her supporters up for so many years but there she was lined up with the military men who not long ago villified her. how times have changed p-gone are the days she was condemned to corruption and brutality to the soldiers that ruled burma the famous front gate where she spent five years of house arrest. the army is powerful, though has retreated and is supporting the reforms transforming this country. aung san suu chi says the military needs to maintain good relations. the new government's failure to contain violence against
burma's muslim minority underscored the country's fragility. fresh attacks have been reported every day. the police are accused of doing little or nothing. as in the past, the army has had to be deployed to enforce order. some fear this is what it wants, chaos to justice continuing a military role in politics and a casting vote over the shape of burma's new democracy. bbc news, bangkok. >> an important day for burma. now in other news, lawyers for the man accused of the colorado shooting, james holmes, says he'll offer a guilty plea in court and faces charges of murder and attempted murder over the attack in a cinema that left 1 people dead and others injured. living the rest of his life in jail would allow him to avoid the death penalty if convicted. prosecutors have not yet responded. turkish police used water cannons and tear gas on
refugees of a violence broke out in demonstrations at a camp in southeast turkey. throw testors through tones at police and nearby buildings and were demonstrationing against the conditions of the camp. north korea is closing its second military hotline with the south. they say there's no need in a situation where war may break out in moments and don't need communication. tensions have been rising on the peninsula since february when north korea carried out a nuclear test. living up to his modesty, he's turned his back from the grandiose apartment. breaking with the tradition of more than a century, he's chosen to stay at his two-roomed vatican guest house. there the new pope will dine with other priests in a common dining room. for the first time in nearly two weeks, tomorrow the banks will be opened in cyprus, a country which needed an
international bailout will be limiting withdrawals to prevent a run on the banks. on the streets of nikazir, anxiety is running high. protest against the government and european union continue and there are long lines to withdraw money from a.t.m.'s. a brief time ago i discussed the situation and the wider arian, with mohammed al the c.e.o. he joins us from new york. the banks have had two turbulent weeks. what's going to happen? >> i'm afraid that we're going to have a bigger mess still. think about it. what's happened over the two eeks is that we've lit a match to two fires, a big fire in cyprus threatening the economy and implosion of the economy and financial stability and a smaller fire in the euro zone as a whole that's threatening other commall economies. i think we'll see a lot of
volatility coming forward. >> it's a long way away from this side of the atlantic. why should we care what's happening there? >> i think we should care because cyprus has what's called contagion which means it's changing perceptions on how safe a bank is. it's changing perception about vulnerabilities, given how interconnected europe is. there's a major risk that you get a depression in cyprus that starts spreading financial and economic instability throughout the euro zone and therefore throughout the world. >> does a cyprus rescue plan do anything to address the main issue which is how to grow cyprus' economy? >> no. and that's a big problem. and this is the second attempt at a rescue plan. the first one was botched and what became part of the problem. the second one is designed in a more robust manner, but implementation is very tricky and will be very tricky to open the banks in an orderly fashion and can be very tricky to
impose capital controls. and in addition, you say, it does nothing to the fundamental issue which is to promote economic growth and employment. >> how should that be done? >> i think you've got to step back and say, what is the issue? and here cyprus is trying to pivot from an old growth model that defended on it being an offshore center to a new growth model that depends on more general sosheses of growth. and the big question now is can it pivot within the euro zone and it's not clear it can. >> the markets were concerned about italy today. how far do you think this is going to spread? >> depends how the officials react. so there's two concerns right now. there's concerns about the systemically important economies, spain and italy. but there's another thing that's a bigger threat which is smaller economies, slovenia, that are under tremendous pressure and it's easy to dismiss the small ones as nonsystemic but when you get a
few nonsystemic it becomes systemic and you should keep an eye on both of these. > what are the people doing in slovenia, should they be taking money out of the bank in case something happens to them? >> that's the issue. anything under $100,000 is uninsured. uninsured deposits in cyprus will suffer a 40% to 80% cut. if you are a depositer, it's called what's called the pascal wager and a small probability of a very consequential event and you should move your money. >> one of the fundamental difference differences between the u.s. economy and euro zone. >> huge differences. the u.s. economy first and foremost dealt with the banking system up front and in a bold fashion. second, the u.s. economy is healing economically, so we are seeing the housing market recover, the corporate recovering the household, europe has yet to find growth.
and thirdly, the u.s. economy has a flexible exchange rate which allows greater flexibility. >> thank you very much, indeed, for joining us. >> thank you. >> and the leaders of cyprus aren't the only ones under pressure these days. still to come on tonight's program, francois has only been leading france for a year and his poll numbers are already iving cause for concern. >> the berlin wall has been pulled down to make way for a building project. it's a controversial move as steve evans reports. > it's one of the most visited sites in better in -- berlin. when communism collapsed, the wall served as a blank space for artists who flocked with paints and brushes. their work came to symbolize the new freedom and this became known as the east side gallery.
in the early hours today, developers moved in and took out sections to get access to a site for new apartments on the banks of the river. >> the builder decided to continue construction work here early this morning and means to continue with the opening of four sections from the east side gallery. we are here on the one hand to enable him to continue his work and on the other side, we want to welcome people who want to protest against this and finally allow them to stage their protests peacefully. >> ♪ i'm looking for freedom ♪ >> there has been protests including the actor david hasselhoff who starred in the american television series "baywatch." this is the image they all come to see, the soviet leader locked in a kiss with the east german leader. of the past mbol but the issue is how long you
hold on to the symbols of the past and it gets richer and the demand for land rises. it's a continuing debate in berlin as the city morphs from one with little money who are but cool, as one mayor put it, into a global city, as a magnet for the fashionable and the rich. steven evans, bbc news, berlin. ♪ >> right now the tough times in europe are taking a heavy toll on the popularity ratings of many leaders including the french president francois hollande 10 onts on the road is taking to the road and showing he can manage the ailing economy. our correspondent reports on the presidential road show. >> dijon, burgundy, a bastion
of the socialist party, a fine place to reconnect with the french heartland. at least that was the idea. >> what happened to the promises, mr. hollande? >> not the reaction he perhaps envisioned. back in paris, we caught up with him on a new housing estate. mr. hollande feels constrained and perhaps house building is a solution to france's economic turbulence. the paradox of francois hollande when he's doing this, shaking hands and meeting people on the street, he comes across very well. the people like the president's self-effacing style but the polls say 2/3 of them have lost faith in his ability to run the country. 10 months after an election in a first term, that level of unpopularity is unprecedented. pollsters say he's hemorrhaging support with social issues at
the front of french minds. his government announced they'd cut five billion euros from public spending this year. his approval rating plummeted 10 points. >> we need to succeed in economic policy especially on employment. and if it doesn't, we have to do that and may be the best friend of of the french but may not be enough to help him. >> since may, there's been a slew of factory closers. in every month of his presidency, unemployment has risen to a 13-year high. increased taxes have suffocated investments. and the target at reducing the eficit to 3% this year will be met. >> by temper, he's the navigator, he oscillates. he doesn't like conflict. and right now, you need either someone who has the daring of the german leader
or maggie thatcher in great britain. >> for now president hollande is shrugging off the tough questions, putting hopes on labor reform and the cyclical upturn he hopes is around the corner. the only good news is that the right wing opposition is without a leader and performing even worse. erhaps it reflects a wider sense of empathy. christian frazier, bbc news, pair pifments >> the french president's woes to a story that's captivated everyone in our newsroom today. seeing a bear up close in southwest colorado is nothing out of the ordinary. these days communities in the rocky mountains are experiencing more contact with bears than ever before. to find out why, researchers from colorado's parks and wildlife service were in the middle of a five-year study to track the animals.
our correspondent paul adams got the lucky assignment to go out with them. >> it's a part of the world where man and nature have always been in close proximity, durango, deep in the rocky mountains. in the summer, this place is teaming with bears. but as winter gives way to spring, most are still in their denies. we join a team of researchers out looking for a female known simply as bear 57, wearing a tracking collar and helping to nswer a host of questions. miss johnson is the team leader prment. >> one of the big ones is what does human population have -- human development, how is it influencing our bears and how does it relate to the numbers we're seeing? >> the receiver picks up a signal. bear 57 is nearby.
>> a loud signal coming this way. >> it's an impressive location, a cliff hundreds of feet above the valley floor. >> she's pretty close. she looks pretty sleepy. >> the den is tiny, the mother asleep. the crew digs a larger entrance. the cub is just a few weeks old, born in the depth of winter. the volunteer babysitter does her best to simulate the den's warm, comforting conditions. >> not used to a lot of sunlight or bright light right now, just used to being really warm and tucked in under their mama so i'm trying to pretend like i'm the mama. >> right behind you, there. >> getting the cub's real mother out is a bit more of a struggle. she's been heavily sedated and weighs around 160 pounds. heather goes to work with measurements to take, the tracking device needs a new battery.
and what you want to know is why she and other bears like her end up in people's garbage cans and is this to do with rising population or increasing confidence around humans? >> it looks right now from the preliminary data that bears make pretty complex decisions. we had a hard study last year and saw the same bear do totally different things in different years. >> with a number of sightings throughout the summer months suggest the bears are thriving despite perhaps even because of nearby humans. >> the more resources a bear obtains the more cubs she usually has, so if she has access to additional food, like human food, she might increase her reproduction. has nice, young teeth. we know bears around town have lower probably adult survival. >> bear 57 is still fast asleep which is just as well, all the measurements have been taken and almost time to weigh her and put her back in her den.
i can hear her breathing nice and steady. still fast asleep. >> a big yawn. >> the team's work is almost done, the cub reunited with its mother and will stay together another year. >> say goodbye. >> heather's team will continue to track them, looking for what it is that is driving bears and humans together. paul adams, bbc news, colorado. >> the cuddly cubs of colorado. and i know my children would love to swap their snake for one of those. that brings today's broadcast to a close but you can continue watching bbc world news. for constant updates from around the world on our 24-hour news network. simply check your local listings for our channel number. and of course to reach me and bbc of the bbc team, go to news/sumbings. thank you for watching and please tune in tomorrow.
>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. fidelity investments. union bank. and united health care. >> music is the universal language. but when i was in an accident, i was worried the health care system spoke a language all its own. with united health care, i got help that fit my life, information on my phone, connection to doctors, and tools to estimate what my care might cost so i might never miss a beat. >> more than 78,000 people are looking out for more than 70 million americans. that's health in numbers. united health care. >> bbc world news was presented
is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future. and by these pittsburg foundations. working together to enhance and enrich the lives of children for more than seventy-five years. and by the arthur vining davis foundations. dedicated to strengthening america's future through education. adcasting, dedicated to strengthening america's future and contributions to your pbs station, from viewers like you. rhood ♪ and contributions to your pbs station, ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ would you be mine? could you be mine? ♪ ♪ won't you be my neighbor? - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪
♪ a land of make-believe ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ so much to do, so much to see ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ i've got lots of friends for you to meet ♪ ♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street ♪ ♪ just waiting to greet you ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ - hi, neighbor! it's me, daniel tiger. i've been waiting to play a game with you! come on in! ok, guess what i hid under my blanket. you can ride on it, it's red, it says, "ding! ding!" can you guess what it is? it's trolley! (trolley dings.) this one's my toy trolley,
but i love trolley! ding! ding! hop on board, tigey! let's go for a ride! you say, "ding! ding!" too! (trolley dings.) ding! ding! ding! ding! (trolley dings.) ding! ding! next stop on the trolley: mom! - hi, daniel. hello, neighbor. hi, trolley. are you picking me up to go to the doctor's office? - ding! ding! hop on board! wait a second. are we going to the doctor's office for real, or pretend? - for real. remember? today dr. anna will give you a check-up, and she's going to give you a shot. - a shot? i don't want to get a shot. next stop, my bedroom! ding! ding! have you ever had a shot? (footsteps) - oh, my little daniel. can we talk about this?
- grr, i don't want to get a shot. i'm scared. why am i getting one? - well, because a shot is medicine, and medicine helps you feel better when you're sick. - but i'm not sick. - you're right. this type of medicine can keep you from getting sick. - oh. but, can't i just drink the medicine? - well, sometimes you do drink medicine, that's true, but this medicine works better as a shot. - oh. will it hurt? - well, yes, but only for a little bit, and then it'll be over. here's your pretend doctor kit with a toy shot you can play with. you know what i do when i get a shot? - you get shots too? - oh, yes, sometimes even grownups get shots. when i get a shot, i close my eyes and think about something that makes me happy, like the beach with you. (gull calling) - that makes you feel happy? - it does. and when i think of something that makes me happy,